Bill Gates once said, “We always overestimate the change that will occur in the next two years and underestimate the change that will occur in the next ten.” It is likely to refer his quote on development of IoT. Simply put, IoT has a massive potential of connecting everything in ways which we can be barely imagined. It is going to have an influential impact on how the businesses and government interact with the world
IoT solutions work through a 3-layer process wherein it starts with basic sensing then expands to control, and then culminates with the explosion of imagination. By deploying this process, testing and deploying products will be much close to implementing smart environments by 2020. Over 3.9 billion connected devices were in use worldwide in 2016. Internet of Things (IoT) devices look like they’re here to stay. In 2015, there were approximately 4.9 million things connected to the internet. That number went from millions to billions in one year. By 2020, it is estimated that there will be up to 21 billion connected devices.
Today, IoT-enabled business processes primarily occur in on-premises data centers or in the cloud. In some years from now, we will see significant momentum among firms stationing business processes requiring local data analysis close to the connected devices that enable these processes. The edge IoT devices can act locally based on data they generate, as well as take advantage of the cloud for security, scalability, configuration, deployment, and management. Majorly industrial IT platforms are working towards making some of their industry- or IoT-specific capabilities available through large scale cloud providers. With the advant in acquiring further evidence for compliance with strict regulatory environments, IoT trend will accelerate to future.
IoT devices are gradually becoming a part of the mainstream electronics culture and people are adopting smart devices into their homes faster than ever.The future is happening now, and these devices are getting smarter every day through machine learning and artificial intelligence.The more data that IoT devices collect, the smarter they will become. Cities are going to transform into smart cities through the use of IoT connected devices. Traffic lights are becoming smart traffic lights that can collect data and use that data to sync lights to peak traffic times.This can improve cities overall efficiency and save the government money since everything can be remotely managed. Starting from Smart homes to the coffee maker , all will collect data on the habits and patterns of usage. This data will be collected to help facilitate machine learning.
IoT can be used to monitor hospitalised patients continuously as smart health sensors uses gateways and the cloud to analyze and store the information and then send the analyzed data wirelessly to caregivers for further analysis and review. It will replace the process of having a health professional come by at regular intervals to check the patient’s vital signs, instead providing a continuous automated flow of information. In this way, it simultaneously improves the quality of care through constant attention and lowers the cost of care by reduces the cost of traditional healthcare.
A road condition monitoring and alert application can be a great IoT transformation application. The main idea of the concept of smart transportation and mobility is to apply the principles of crowdsourcing and participatory sensing. IoT can also be used in transportation through electric vehicles, which is an important means to reduce both the fuel cost and the impact of global warming which has gained considerable attention from drivers.
Environmental resources management, quality and protection can also be benefitted by the applications of IoT. It can provide an effective way to communicate between each of these resources sensors with research and monitoring centers to make appropriate decisions in the consumption of these sources. The IoT technology is able to monitor and manage the air quality by collecting data from remote sensor across the city, and providing full-time geographic coverage to achieve a way of better managing urban traffic in major cities. It also can be used to measure the levels of pollution in water in order to inform decisions on water usage and treatment.
IoT will provide a means of smart agriculture and adding great potential in resource saving. By using sensors networks, and scientific research databases, growing of plants and other agriculture productions needed by humans like vegetables and fruits can be monitored based on managing many resources such as weather, water and sunlight.
What can be predicted is, IoT can revamp the architecture of every industry but we are still in the early stages of what will become a highly connected world.